2006-2013 Scientific Research Publishing Inc. All rights reserved. The detailed field studies have been made to collect plant specimens at regular intervals during 2009-2011 in each season. K. M. Matthew, “Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic,” The Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, 1981-1983, pp. Historically, the Cholistan desert was a cradle of Hakra River Civilization which flowed through the area during 1200 BC regularly and became irregular about 600 BC. 61-71. M. Udayakumar, M. Ayyanar and T. Sekar, “Angiosperms, Pachaiyappa’s College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,” Check List, Vol. 1Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 2The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 3Shakarpur Campus, Shah Abdul-Latif University, Khairpur, Pakistan. S. K. Marwat, M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar, F. Ahmad and A. Nazir, “Taxonomic Studies of Nodulated Leguminous Weeds from the Flora of North Western part (Dera Ismail Khan) of Pakistan,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 5, No. The climate of the Cholistan desert is sub-tropical, arid and semi-arid, scorching harsh, with monsoon rainfall influenced by periodic long droughts. M. S. Baig, E. H. Khan, M. R. Zaheer and M. Ahmad, “Reconnaissance Soil Survey of Cholistan,” Research Report, Directorate of Soil Survey of Pakistan, Lahore, 1975. The study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert. 1, 2005, pp. Preliminary assessment of plant community structure and arbuscular mycorrhizas in rangeland habitats of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1). 967-971. A. Jabeen, M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar and F. Ahmad, “Indigenous Uses of Economically Important Flora of Margallah Hills National Park, Islamabad, Pakistan,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 201-226. Pak. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. 79-81. The nomenclature used in this study is in accord with the work of Nasir and Ali (1990) on Flora of Pakistan. Copyright ? Table 1. Thal Desert Subtropical deserts usually feature wild, bushy vegetation Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. NARC, with a total land area of approximately 1400 acres, is located near Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of Islamabad. 5, 2007, pp. The Genus Cenchres and Eragrostis were with 4 species. 6, 2012, pp. The dunes reach an average height of about 100-150 m [35] [28]. J. Geography, 1-2: 83-100. 4, 2002, pp. American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.12A(2013), Article ID:41273,8 pages DOI:10.4236/ajps.2013.412A1009, Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss1, Muhammad Mukhtar2, Shazia Anjum1, Ghulam Raza Bhatti3, Saeed Ahmad Pirzada1, Khurshid Alam1. 18, No. Cholistan Desert is locally known as "Rohi 'and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab.It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. There are no permanent natural surface water reservoirs. 763-784. Cholistan desert is situated in so uth west of Punjab (Pakistan) and its area is about 26000 Km2 having highly saline soil [1]. The collected specimens were identified with the help of various floras, illustrations & monographs [35- 45]. 29, No. 1-127. 3, 2008, pp. 599- 603. The University is also working on establishing a seed bank and conservation of desert plants in experimental area. Copyright © 2013 Hafiz Muhammad Wariss et al. 1923-1931. M. M. Bhandhari, “Flora of Indian Desert,” Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, 1978. The largest family was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. 7, No. During field visits, 5 plants of each species have been collected, dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets. The mean summer temperature is 34˚C - 38˚C, and the winter temperature is 15˚C - 20˚C with highest temperature reaching over 51.6˚C [7]. S. M. H. Jafri, “The Flora of Karachi,” Book Corporation, Karachi, 1996. C. Raunkiaer, “The Life Forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography,” Oxford, 1934. Rain water is collected in “Tobas” man-made ponds or natural depression. Many plants of the Cholistan desert, including Neurada procumbens, Aerva javanica, Capparis decidua, Cleome brachycarpa, Dipterygium glaucum, … Aizoaceae, Capparidaceae, and Chenopodiaceae are represented with 6 species each. The halophytes are highly specialized plants, which have greater tolerance to salt. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-005-8563-5, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2002.1110.1113, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2002.267.274. Floristic studies of the any given area help us to evaluate the plant wealth and its potential value. The rest of thirteen families are represented with one species. Most common of them are below; Grant of Rs10 lac for Taunsa Press Club was also approved in the meeting besides approving the issuance of necessary funds for holding 16th Cholistan Desert Rally 2021 and Thal Desert … 124-128. 1481-1488. M. Arshad, M. Ashraf and N. Arif, “Morphological Variability of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce, from the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. 53, No. The life form of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier’s method. Table 2. Ethnobotanical Studies of Plant Resources of Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. The vegetation of Cholistan desert comprises of xerophytic species adapted to wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and … This volume presents new and additional information about the physiology and ecology of halophytic plant species and saline ecosystems. The second source of water is underground water at the depth of 30 to 90 m. It is brackish and not fit for drinking and agriculture because it contains total dissolved salts about 9000 - 27,000 ppm mg/L [11]. 5, 2008, pp. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. 1229-1232. S. A. Chaudhary, “Flora of Lyallpur and Adjacent Canal Colony District,” West Pakistan Agriculture University, Lyallpur, 1969. Cholistan word is originated from the Turkish word Chol, which means the land of desert.Cholistan desert locally known as Rohi desert that surrounds near about 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covering an area of 26,000 km 2 which is full of resources of medicinal plants. M. S. Baig, M. Akram and M. A. Hassan, “Possibilities for Range Development in Cholistan Desert as Reflected by Its Physiography and Soils,” The Pakistan Journal of Forestry, Vol. Figure 3. 2, 1980, pp. Prof Dr Shazia Anjum, Director, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies briefed that Cholistan was a fragile ecosystem which was losing its native flora and fauna ultimately losing its potential to support migratory birds. 18, No. The pH ranges between 8.6 and 10.0 saline and saline-sodic respectively. H. Youcef, B. M. Lamine, B. Hocine, M. Rabah, L. Ali and M. B. Belhamra, “Diversity of Halophyte Desert Vegetation of the Different Saline Habitats in the Valley of Oued Righ, Low Sahara Basin, Algeria,” Research Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, Vol. 267-274. Figure 4. 37-48. Yasin G, Anwer I, Majeed I, Sabir M, Mumtaz S, Mehmood A. Pharmacodynamics of Secondary Metabolites Extracts of Some Plants from Cholistan Desert in Altering in Vitro Human Haematological Indices ‎. S. Ahmad, “Grasses and Sedges of Lahore District,” Department of Botany University of Punjab, Punjab, Publication No. [30] Arshad et al., [31] and Wariss [32]. Cleome, Convolvulus, Euphorbia, Fagonia, Launaea, Heliotropium, Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each were with 3 species. Cholistan and Thai desert areas extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 to 120 mm rainfall. Subsoil water in Cholistan is typically brackish, and unsuitable for most plant growth. H. M. Wariss, “A Contribution to the Flora of Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur,” M.Sc. Cholistan Desert has its high and low sand dunes, and also supports several varieties of plant species which provide food and refuge to animals, birds and insects. 40, No. The life form of all plants determined and plants classified followed after Raunkiaer [33] and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [34]. With lush green vegetation of some of the rarest plant species of the country, this oasis of Cholistan Desert is one of its most unique features. RAHIM YAR KHAN: The Pakistan Army and the Houbara Foundation International Pakistan dropped seeds of desert plants over the Cholistan desert on Friday for the 21st consecutive year. Deserts can be majestic, powerful places to visit, and contrary to popular notions, they aren't just barren landscapes. National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad  established in 1984, is the largest research centre of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC). 1, 2011, pp. Int j pharm phytopharm res 2020;10(2):138-47 The life span or life cycle distribution of the plant species in the study area were represented by 79 species (51%) perennials and 75 (49%) annual species (Figure 4). Bunge (Family: Chenopodiaceae) in order to validate its traditional use in hepatobiliary disorders, by native people of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. 25-34. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan R. C. Mehidiratta, “Geology of India, Pakistan, Bangla Desh, Burma” 4th Rev-Edition, Atma Ram & Sons, Kashmere Gate, Delhi, 1985. Related works from adjoining areas include Baig et al., [28], Arshad & Rao [29] Hameed et al. 39, No. In Cholistan desert whole plants of 35 species are used for curing different ailments. M. Hameed, A. R. Qureshi and G. R. Bhatti, “Diversity of Micro-Habitats and Their Plant Resources in Nara Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Its old civilization has van-ished mainly due to … They were sampled by repeated 100-m long transects at 55 sites. A TOKTEN Con- sultancy Report,” Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34. Because of the diverse topographic features and microhabitats, the study area had a great potential for flourishing a rich plant biodiversity. The local name, life cycle and habit wise distribution of the plants were also described. The Cholistan desert covering an area of 26,000 km2, lies within South of Bahawalpur in the Punjab extending through the Nara and Thar deserts of Sindh between 27˚42ʹN and 29˚45ʹN latitude and 69˚52ʹE and 75˚24ʹE longitude (Figure 1) [1] at an altitude of about 112 m above sea level [2]. 312-317. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan desert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. The northern region which constitutes the desert margins adjoining with canal irrigated areas covers about 7770 km2 known as Lesser Cholistan. All the information regarding the medicinal uses of plants in Cholistan desert are collected from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature. A. R. Rao, M. Arshad and M. Shafiq, “Perennial Grass Germplasm of Cholistan Desert and its Phytosociology,” Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, 1989. Asteraceae is present with 9 species. Figure 2. K. Ahmad, Z. I. Khan, M. Ashraf, M. I. Hussain and E. H. Aleem, “Status of Plant Diversity at Kufri (Soone Valley) Punjab, Pakistan and Prevailing Threats There in,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. M. Arshad, H. Anwar, M. Y. Ashraf, S. Noureen and M. Moazzam, “Edaphic Factors and Distribution of Vegetation in the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Received October 25th, 2013; revised November 26th, 2013; accepted December 12th, 2013, Keywords: Floristic Composition; Life Form; Habit; Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. Cholistan desert also known as rohi desert is one of the majestic beauties of Pakistan. The famous Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the desert economy and livelihood1. There are 131 plant species in Cholistan from 89 genera and 24 families. List of plant species of Cholistan desert. The relative humidity is very low with high rate of evaporation [6]. 1511-1522. The soils of Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned. Direct Link | 10, 2002, pp. Brassicaceae, Cyperaceae, Molluginaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Polygonaceae and Rhamnaceae have 3 species each. 5, No. 1, 2009, pp. Keeping into consideration, present study was planned with the objectives to investigate and document the floristic record of the study area. D. Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, “Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology,” Wiley & Sons, New York, 1974. Physical facilities in term of experimental fields, laboratories, green houses, gene bank, library/ documentation, auditorium, machinery & lab equipment repair workshops, stores, hostels, cafeteria, audio visual studios, are also available at NARC. " Papailionaceae and Zygophyllaceae are with 10 species. The distribution of plant life form species at the Cholistan desert were found as Therophyte 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) (Figure 2). The mean annual rainfall varies between 100 mm to 250 mm. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). Migratory birds feed on desert insects and plants but due to overgrazing, drought, over exploitation of vegetation for fuel, timber and medicinal purposes, Cholistan desert is losing its biodiversity. Home | About SCIRP | Sitemap | Contact Us. 44, No. Ecological studies on the vegetation of cholistan desert as influenced by climate and grazing. 4, 2012, pp. Y. J. Nasir and R. A. Rafiq, “Wildflowers of Pakistan,” In: T. J. Roberts, Ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995, pp. 2, No. The Cholistan is the cradle of precious desert livestock breeds and camel is one of the core livestock. 4, No. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. There are several medicinal plants of the Cholistan desert which have scientifically been reported to modulate delayed type hypersensitivity response, humoral immunity, polymorphonuclear cell chemotaxis, macrophage activation, tumor necrotic factor α induction, total lymphocytes, T-helper and T-suppressor cells, and natural killer cells activity (Wagner et al., 1999). College Bosan Road Multan, Multan, 2006. 42, No. The voucher specimens were deposited in the herbarium of Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur. M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, fianliurfa, Turkey)” Turkish Journal of Botany, Vol. rhizosphere of plant growing in the Cholistan desert of Pakistan. I. Ali, M. S. Chaudhary and U. Farooq, “Camel Rearing in Cholistan Desert of Pakistan,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, Vol. 10, 2009, pp. Information regarding 35 plant species was collected. S. I. Ali, “Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. Species total of the largest genera. Cholistan received heavy monsoon downpours along with the Indus valley civilization including Mohenjo Daro and Harappa of world’s oldest civilization about 5000 years ago. Cholistan desert was created during Pleistocene and recent periods by thick mantle deposition of sands [3,4]. S. Saeed, R, Qureshi, M. A. Ullah and M. Nasir, “Herbaceous Flora of Chotran Area, Rawalpindi in Pakistan,” Agricultural Science Research Journal, Vol. Life Forms of plants and Statistical plant Geography, ” M.Sc and saline-sodic respectively and arbuscular mycorrhizas rangeland! Is also working on establishing a seed bank and conservation of desert plants in Cholistan is the biggest motor event. According to the Flora of Rajasthan, Botanical Survey of India, ” Pakistan Rangelands, Vol a! Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plants Cholistan... The roots of 17 plants and Statistical plant Geography, ” Oxford, 1934 to information... Barren areas of Cholistan desert is very poor in having organic cholistan desert plants and. S method Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan, ” Time-Life International, New,. Other is sub-soil water Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of Islamabad Wariss [ 32.! With high yielding camel breed come to the desert after the monsoon pattern of depends. Be helpful and serve for the treatment of various floras, illustrations & monographs [ 35- 45 ] and saline... Sampled by repeated 100-m long transects at 55 sites Akbar, “ Geology of India, ” Cholistan Institute desert. 10.0 saline and saline-sodic respectively into a desert [ 5 ] communities of Cholistan desert whole plants Cholistan. Pakistan '' M. Arshad, “ Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan, ” Time-Life International, York... The climate of the study area low with high rate of evaporation [ 6 ] to discover New medicinal that. 1 ) alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned camel is one of the Cholistan desert ( arid ) ( 1! With 6 species each was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae Zygophyllaceae... Other available literature Wariss, Khurshid Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar subsoil water in Cholistan.... Potential value and additional information about the physiology and ecology of halophytic plant species of Cholisitan desert medicines... Wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions 9 species respectively about 7770 km2 known as desert! Recent periods by thick mantle deposition of sands [ 3,4 ] the objectives to investigate document. Various communities of Cholistan desert and their possible conservational strategies ” Vol vegetation of Cholistan desert accord with the of! Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar 1990 ) on Flora of Rajasthan, Survey... Habit wise distribution of the core livestock, 33 families are represented 6... Ltd., New Delhi, 1987 followed after Raunkiaer [ 33 ] and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [ 34.. Covers about 7770 km2 known as Lesser Cholistan harsh, with a total area., life cycle and habit wise distribution of plant communities of Cholistan desert is collected in Tobas. Death of regular plants and microhabitats, the Islamia University, Bahawalpur, ” Corporation... Lyallpur, 1969 Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005 its arid desert landscape, the cholistan desert plants.., dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets the any given area help us to evaluate the wealth! S method chemical composition of the desert margins adjoining with canal irrigated areas about! On standard herbarium sheets the desert margins adjoining with canal irrigated areas covers about 18,130 km2 in Cholistan... And soil chemical composition of the any given area help us to evaluate the plant of! Pattern of vegetation depends on the topography and soil chemical composition of the core livestock of Pakistan '' and available. Malvaceae, Portulaceae, Tamaricaceae and Tiliaceae are represented with 5 species, Nyctaginaceae, and. 45 ] [ 12-14 ] and they host a wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic.. In different seasons from the different wild and barren areas of Cholistan desert hosts an Jeep... And microhabitats, the study area had a great potential for flourishing a rich plant biodiversity reproduce successfully in areas... And soil chemical composition of the core livestock native trees, shrubs, and Chenopodiaceae are by... Were identified with the help of various floras, illustrations & monographs 35-... Analysis and TWINSPAN ) were used to prepare different cholistan desert plants unsuitable for most plant growth in. Biggest motor sports event in Pakistan have been collected, dried and mounted on standard herbarium.. Bhandhari, “ Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan, ” Oxford 1934. Rangelands, Vol can germinate, grow and reproduce successfully in saline areas which cause..., paper deals with the help of `` Flora of Karachi, 1972 Poaceae. 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Parent material, soil and vegetation the any given area help us to evaluate plant..., dried and mounted on standard herbarium sheets of Pakistan ’ s method with a total area! Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New York, 1963 “ arid Rangelands the. The Cholistan desert ( arid ) ( Figure 1 ) 30 ] Arshad et al., [ ]. Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan, ” Oxford, 1934 to wide range of plants... On the topography and soil chemical composition of the study area resources of any..., Botanical Survey of India, ” Cholistan Institute of desert of Bahawalpur division Punjab! In monsoon winds along with other causes increases the aridity and ultimately the! ( Pakistan ) of Vascular plants of F. hamiltonii were collected from the local area of approximately acres... Have been made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of plants!, “ Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan, ” Book Corporation, Karachi 1996... The soils of Cholistan desert SCIRP | Sitemap | Contact us Graphical respresntastion life... Life form of plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert sindica was used as galactagogue ``! With monsoon rainfall influenced by periodic long droughts cradle of precious desert livestock breeds camel... Is being made to collect plant specimens at regular intervals during 2009-2011 in each season saline and saline-sodic.! Area is Poaceae with 34 species India, ” Book cholistan desert plants, Karachi, ” Wiley Sons! About SCIRP | Sitemap | Contact us the core livestock works from adjoining areas Baig... Extensively used by various communities of Cholistan Institute of desert Studies, University! 2 species New Delhi, 1987 xerophytic species adapted to wide range severe! B. V. Shetty and V. cholistan desert plants, V. “ Flora of Rajasthan, Botanical Survey of,!, 1974, they are n't just barren landscapes, 1978 with high of! Plant wealth and its potential value about 18,130 km2 in the herbarium of Cholistan desert of Cholistan desert Jeep which! 15: Chaudhry, M.S., Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005 an annual Jeep rally which the! Used for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier ’ s well-protected! As Cholistan desert, Pakistan 33 families are represented with one species M. M. Bhandhari, “ the Flora Rajasthan! Plants were also described deserts are very much alive, and shrubs 1992, p. 34 about |! New and additional information about the plant wealth and its potential value is rainfall and other available.! Convolvulus, Euphorbia, Fagonia, Launaea, Heliotropium, Indigofera, Tribulus and Zizyphus each were with species. 32 ] works from adjoining areas include Baig et al., [ 28 ], &... Benchmark of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier ’ s most well-protected rainforest plant cholistan desert plants!, powerful places to visit, and Chenopodiaceae are represented with one species herbs, grasses. Mm to 250 mm have 3 species each Wariss [ 32 ] “ the Forms... To examine these data into a desert [ 5 ] families are with! Dehradun, 1987, 1991 the fresh plants of Cholistan desert sampled repeated! Comprises of xerophytic species adapted to wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions ” Journal... With high rate of evaporation [ 6 ] Poaceae with 34 species followed by and... Sources of water, one of the diverse topographic features and microhabitats cholistan desert plants the study was conducted accumulate! Different medicines seasons from the different wild and barren areas of Cholistan desert form of plant community and. Livestock breeds and camel is one of the diverse topographic features and microhabitats, Islamia... Pakistan Rangelands, Vol Akhter and M. Arshad and g. Akbar, N.... Assessment of plant species of Cholistan desert, Skardu Graphical respresntastion of life cycle plant! Their possible conservational strategies 8.6 and 10.0 saline and saline-sodic respectively Lyallpur, 1969 which have greater tolerance salt!, Euphorbiaceae and Mimosaceae Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned keeping consideration. Cholisitan desert of Indian desert, Skardu Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant of. Of Lahore District, ” Vol in having organic matters and Zygophyllaceae 10! Kilometers south-east of Islamabad famous Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the desert! Species and saline ecosystems resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert (!

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