In … Eng. The Architecture Content Framework defines the set of key artifacts produced to support an architecture, and the Technical Reference Model (TRM) provides a model and taxonomy of generic platform services. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2001), Niemi, E.: Enterprise architecture benefits: perceptions from literature and practice. J. Teece, D.J., Pisano, G.P., Shuen, A.: Firm capabilities, resources, and the concept of strategy: four paradigms of strategic management. An example of how to communicate the various areas of an EA framework was also provided. planning and implementing enterprise analysis to successfully execute on business strategies Figure 1-4: Core Elements of an Enterprise Architecture Approach. In this chapter, we will study some of the core concepts of layered architecture and also develop an architecture using .NET Core to discuss this topic. To be complete, an EA approach must have six core elements that work together: Governance, methodology, framework, artifacts, standards, best practices The third basic element is “Methodology” which are specific steps to establish and maintain an EA program, via the selected approach. Leadership and Talent Development 3. Education enterprise architecture, or EEA, is a strategic framework that can provide the structure, plan and processes to achieve an education agency’s vision and goals by aligning its business and program side with information technology (IT). 213.32.100.69. International Enterprise Architecture Institute. Enterprise Architecture (EA) has been instrumental in that journey, and in this article, we provide some valuable lessons that we have learned on our journey to build an Enterprise Architecture Management (EAM) function to support our digital transformation, and how we used EAM to become and remain relevant during digital disruption. Leadership and Talent Development 3. As an authoritative … Here’s how to get started. 112–126. There are many challenges in comparing EAFs. Enterprise architecture (EA) is "a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. University of Washington (2005), Vitari, C.: Sources of IT dynamic capability in the context of data genesis capability, Italy (2009), Barreto, I.: Dynamic Capabilities: A Review of Past Research and an Agenda for the Future. In this chapter, we will focus on the following topics: University College Cork, Ireland (2013), Butler, T., Murphy, C.: Integrating Dynamic Capability and Commitment Theory for Research on IT Capabilities and Resources. Manag. Historically, architecture at SKF has been viewed – not unlike most IT organizations – as being technical and mostly associated with application and infrastructure-related orders and management. Enterprise architecture is the process by which organizations standardize and organize IT infrastructure to aligns with business goals. PoEM 2012. (2011). EA Governance aims at supporting integrated governance, an integrated group of management policies and processes that form an overall governance structure as is shown in the figure above. business, data, application, technology) and showing inter-dependencies. The VA EA is the strategic planning and management tool that supports operations, execution, and management accountability, and equips leadership to execute change across the Department. Performance Management 4. EA encompasses IT services, processes, and infrastructure even considering multiple systems and multiple functional groups. This example is called Living Enterprise™ and it is designed to support documentation that is organized through the use of the EA³ Cube framework. The book is a comprehensive guide to archi-tecting a Master Data Management Solution that includes a reference architecture, solution Examples of core competences can include production, design or any other firm capability. This can be accomplished through the establishment of an on-line EA repository to archive the documentation of EA components in the various areas of the EA framework. BIR 2013. LNBIP, vol. Scott, J., Cullen, A., An, M.: Business capabilities provide the rosetta stone for business-IT alignment: capability maps are a foundation for BA (2009). An artifact is a deliverable. Organizational Design Enterprise business capabilities are a foundational construct in business architecture and are a decomposition of what a company does and can do. elements of the enterprise architecture. Performance Management 4. Manag. A “complete” EA approach must include six core elements, which must be designed to work together. EA Core Element #6: Associated Best Practices. (1999). A cycle for enterprise architecture development is presented as well as the Zachman framework as a popular approach for enterprise architecture descrip﬒ on. Enterprise Architecture is both a management program and a documentation method. The VA EA provides the enterprise-level line-of-sight needed to support informed decision-making. Organizing the elements that … Develop an EIM strategy and use it for your application and integration programs. The envisioned enterprise creates the alignment of strategic direction, business operations, technology, and data and is methodically designed, aggregated, and managed to deliver the right information to the right place at the right time. RMIT University, National University of Singapore, Australia, Singapore (2009), Hecht, S., Wittges, H., Krcmar, H.: IT Capabilities in ERP Maintenance - a Review of the ERP Post-Implementation Literature. EA is an improved approach that looks at systems holistically as well as provides a strategy and business context. Governance. The repository’s design should reflect the underlying architecture approach. : The dynamic resource‐based view: capability lifecycles. EA is often seen as bringing an ‘ivory tower’ perspective in the adoption of new ideas. Deciding what core competences a company needs to focus on is something that happens at the enterprise level of strategy. enterprise is required. create the elements that comprise the SaaS architecture, including: • A use-case model based on a typical scenario that requires back-end data exchange between Intel and the SaaS provider. Hopefully this approach offers a simplified theme on the journey to install an enterprise architecture framework and also its practice. In: Innovating Perspectives 16, Nr. pp 82-96 | The fifth basic element is “Repository” which includes the EA website, documentation database, and the software applications (tools) that are used for modeling, analysis, and reporting. Enterprise Business Architecture (EBA) is an approach for modeling, structuring and understanding business knowledge that assists business managers in making adroit decisions. We will list several of them. The 59 core elements are collectively the EA practices, structures, activities, and conditions that, when properly employed based on the unique facts and circumstances of each organization and the stated purpose of its EA program, can permit that organization to progress to increasingly higher states of EA management maturity and thereby maximize its chances of realizing … The Enterprise Architecture Approach. Typically, architecture governance must be conformant with both the overall corporate governance and the established IT governance mechanisms and structures. The EA3 Cube approach is an example of a complete approach to EA. Strateg. ISBN: 978-3-00-042608-7, Wißotzki, M., Koç, H., Weichert, T., Sandkuhl, K.: Development of an enterprise architecture management capability catalog. Enterprise Architecture = Strategy + Business + Technology EA is both a noun and a verb. Examples of core competences can include production, design or any other firm capability. List and describe the core elements of an Enterprise Architecture approach from IST 301 at Pennsylvania State University Oxford Brookes University, Oxford (2005), Desarbo, W.S., Di Benedetto, C.A., Song, M., Sinha, I.: Song; Revisiting the Miles and Snow Strategic Framework Uncovering Interrelationships Between Strategic Types, Capabilities, Environmental Uncertainty, and 28 Firm Performance. Strateg. For microservices, and in general, these are useful concepts and enterprise patterns which can be applied when designing and implementing any kind of software product or service. Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisboa (2010), Teoh, S.Y., Shun, C.: Innovative Capability Development Process: a Singapore IT Healthcare Case Study. Teece, D.J., Pisano, G., Shuen, A.: Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. EA Core Element #4: Documentation Artifacts. Evaluation of enterprise and software architectures: critical issues, metrics and practices. Becker, J., Knackstedt, R., Pöppelbuß, J.: Developing maturity models for IT management. These include (but are not necessarily limited to) the abilities to: Create and maintain business architecture. For microservices, and in general, these are useful concepts and enterprise patterns which can be applied when designing and implementing any kind of software product or service. : How Information Technology Capabilities Influence Organizational Innovation: Exploratory Findings from Two Case Studies. We follow Janssen and Verbraeck (2005) and define enterprise architecture as the coordination of subsystems at various levels of abstractions for the purpose of developing the NGI. A work package realizes requirements indirectly through the realization of core elements (e.g., an application component, business process, or service). The Enterprise Architecture Approach For an EA approach to be considered to be complete, the six core elements shown in Figure 1-4 must be present and work synergistically together. These topics provide starting-point guidance for enterprise resource planning. At its core is the Consolidated Reference Model (CRM) , which equips OMB and Federal agencies with a common language and framework to describe and analyze investments. Next Steps Transforming an organization’s core systems is not an easy undertaking, yet a considered, thoughtful approach can mitigate the risks and help an organization take a significant step toward achieving its long term vision. List and describe the core elements of an Enterprise Architecture approach from IST 301 at Pennsylvania State University Enterprise architecture management (EAM) is a structured approach that an enterprise uses for creating, managing, and using enterprise architecture to align business and IT. In the case of Enterprise Architecture, these models describe the logical business functions or capabilities, business processes, human roles and actors, the physical organization structure, data flows and data stores, business applications and platform applications, hardware, and … Helflat, C.E., Peteraf, M.A. The main contributions of the paper are (a) an analysis and discussion of the literature on capabilities in EAM, (b) a conceptualization of EAM capability identifying the core elements and characteristics, and (c) the results of expert interviews for validating this conceptualization. Summary EIM is the logical layer of an IT architecture. A “complete” EA approach must include six core elements, which must be designed to work together. 1. Enterprise architects provide facilitation and integration to enable this collaborative planning discipline, and work with specialists and subject matter experts from these planning groups in order to formulate a plan of action that not only meets needs but is also implementable within financial, political, and organizational constraints. It involves firm leadership, a complete knowledge of organizational structure, a confident direction, and the enablement of effective IT processes to promote an enterprise’s strategies. A Complete Approach to Enterprise Architecture. There are 4 key elements that companies must fully understand to master EA maturity. This presentation provides companies a good understanding of Enterprise Architecture (EA), its core components and elements to maturity. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. At the core of this transformation is the VA Enterprise Architecture (EA). In particular, enterprise architecture increasingly represents the core intellectual property of the enterprise. Oxford Brookes University, University of Warwick, Centre for Information Management, UK (2005), Azevedo, C.L.B., et al. core elements. The fourth basic element is “Artifacts” which identifies the types and methods of documentation to be used in each sub-architecture area, including strategic analyses, business plans, internal controls, security controls, and models of workflow, databases, systems, and networks. The six basic elements of an EA documentation method were presented: the EA documentation framework, EA components, current EA views, future EA views, an EA Management and Transition Plan and multi-level threads that include security, standards, and workforce planning. For an EA approach to be considered to be complete, the six core elements shown in Figure 1-4 must be present and work synergistically together. Figure 1-7 provides an example of how an EA repository might be designed. Figure 1-3. Systems-level planning is not sufficient for the management and planning of technology and other resources in enterprises with significant size and complexity. An aim is to improve data quality, access to data, adaptability to changing requirements, data interoperability and sharing, and cost containment. EA was described as being as both a management process and a documentation method that helps enterprises with business and technology planning, resource management, and decision-making. EA Core Element #3: Implementation Methodology. Enterprise Architect, Intel IT Sudip Chahal Principal Engineer, Intel IT Executive Overview As part of our cloud computing strategy, Intel IT has been opportunistically taking advantage of external offerings of software as a service (SaaS) applications. Providing easy access to EA documentation is essential for use in planning and decision-making. Part of Springer Nature. The common element is that enterprise architecture refers to a set of interdependent elements described at a certain level of abstraction and the blueprint describes the relationships among the elements. EA tools provide support for strategic decision-making by capturing vital enterprise contexts, along with content development and analysis capabilities across the business, information, technology and solution architectures. Developing and implementing an EEA blueprint—to integrate where Enterprise Architecture Approach -TOGAF 9- Prashant Patade (Enterprise Architect)Strategic Projects and Core Technology Group - IT Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In terms of defining a common language, two elements of TOGAF are important. In: Sandkuhl, K., Seigerroth, U., Stirna, J. Enterprise architecture is a description of an enterprise from an integrated business and IT perspective intended to bridge the communication gap between business and … Hopefully this approach offers a simplified theme on the journey to install an enterprise architecture framework and also its practice. Springer, Heidelberg (2013), Stirna, J., Grabis, J., Henkel, M., Zdravkovic, J.: Capability driven development – an approach to support evolving organizations. In … The Core Diagram enhances strategic thinking for … • A conceptual architecture that provides a long-term view of all the components required in a complete SaaS implementation. Enterprise architecture tools capture, store, structure, and analyze information pertaining to enterprise architecture. Syst. An enterprise architecture (EA) is a construct that communicates an organization’s entire enterprise system, consisting of technologies, processes, and information assets. Technische Universität München, München (2011), Tarafdar, M., Gordon, S.R. Verb -- Creating an enterprise-wide architecture is accomplished through a standardized process that is sustained through an ongoing management program. In addition, enterprise architects have an important role to play in the … The EA framework EA3 and the concept of EA is not only focusing on IT but can be applied on various other fields of interest. Deciding what core competences a company needs to focus on is something that happens at the enterprise level of strategy. EBSE Technical report, University of Durham (2007). Enterprise Architecture (EA) is not just an approach to fix a single problem — it helps develop an entire ecosystem to run the business smoothly. FEA Framework v2 The Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework v2 describes a suite of tools to help government planners implement the Common Approach. Studies have demonstrated a correlation between increased shareholder value and well-governed enterprises. The first basic element is “Governance” which identifies the planning, decision-making, and oversight processes and groups that will determine how the enterprise architecture is developed and maintained – as part of an enterprise’s overall governance. The EA repository is essentially a website and database that stores information and provides links to EA tools and other EA program resources. (eds.) The sixth basic element is “Associated Best Practices” which are proven ways to implement parts of the overall architecture or sub-architectures, in context of meta EA. Enterprise architecture will help multiple departments in a business understand the broader business model and articulate challenges and business risks. Enterprise Information Management Is a Core Element of Your IT Architecture Published: 17 January 2005 ID: G00124681 Analyst(s): Jeff Comport, Frank W. Schlier, Andrew White. Enterprise Architecture Planning is a data-centric approach to architecture planning. University of California at Berkeley, Center for Research in Management, Consortium on Competitiveness and Cooperation (1990), Duhan, S., Levy, M., Powell, P.: IS Strategy in SMEs Using Organizational Capabilities: the CPX Framework. : An ontology‐based well‐founded proposal for modeling re‐sources and capabilities in ArchiMate. It provides various perspectives from a technology and business standpoint, allowing organizations to take a disciplined approach for managing those systems. Figure 46 gives an overview of the strategy elements … Core Competencies for Enterprise Analysis. The purpose of an EA management program was presented: strategic alignment, standardized policy, decision support, and resource development. Some of the frameworks have a very specific scope and therefore are applicable to those applications. The core diagram facilitates the envisioning process for how the new venture will be able to exploit the enterprise architecture to deliver on the business model innovation. University of Twente, Bizzdesign, Netherland (2012). Because of this, enterprise architecture has an important role in unifying and coordinating departmental processes across an organization. EAP has its roots in IBM's The book is a comprehensive guide to archi-tecting a Master Data Management Solution that includes a reference architecture, solution A gap may be associated with any number of core elements. University of Jyväskylä, IT Research Institute (2008). EA Core Element #2: Architecture Framework. Structured approach to gaining business insight and increase the relevance of IT. The first core element is “Governance” which identifies the planning, decision-making, and oversight processes and groups that will determine how the EA is developed and maintained, accomplished as part of an organization’s overall governance. Springer, Heidelberg (2012). Enterprise Architecture? ISBN: 978-951-39-3108-7, Wißotzki, M., Sonnenberger, A.: Adoption of EAM in small and medium enterprises. Enterprise architecture (EA) is a management tool that provides means for aligning information systems with organisation’s mission, goals and objectives. Take existing architectures and pull common elements into a repository. Key words: business economics, business mana-gement, enterprise architecture, informa﬒ on technologies. A core competence is a key skill that gives a firm a competitive advantage. This presentation provides companies a good understanding of Enterprise Architecture (EA), its core components and elements to maturity. 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